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The Plastic Problemplastic production with no viable disposal options

Annual Increase in Plastic Production

Plastic production is increasing annually and by 2050, it’s expected to use up to 20% of global fossil fuel consumption.

Ocean Pollution

80 million tons of plastic ends up in the ocean every year and break down into microplastics, making it impossible to retrieve our waste.

Destruction of the Ecosystem

Marine life often gets lethally entangled by or ingests plastic. Microplastic can travel up the food chain into human water and food sources.

Plastic Pollution in numbers

Tracing plastic waste

Total plastic produced

Weight of 820k Eiffel Towers
= 83billion

Amount of plastic consumed
by people per year

Weight of a credit card x 52 weeks
= 260g

Amount of plastic waste that’s leaked
into the ocean per year

1 dump truck/min x 1year
= 8.8M ton

How do microplastics end up in the ocean?

What is microplastic?

Microplastics are small pieces of plastic fragment that are smaller than 5mm.
There are up to 51 trillion pieces of microplastics in the surface of the ocean. There are two causes for microplastics.

Plastic Length greater than 25mm

Microplastic Less than 5mm

MicrobeadsLess than 1mm

Plastic

Large plastic wastes like water bottles and bags degrade through a natural weathering process and create microplastic

Microplastic

Microplastic smaller than 5mm from production such as microfibers or microbeads cannot be filtered by sewage systems

Microplastics never fully degrade in the ocean
and accumulate on the ocean surface

MicroplasticToxic chemicals in the ocean

  • Microplastics can absorb harmful pollutants and become toxic
  • Planktons ingest microplastics, mistaking them as food
  • Toxic chemicals build up inside small aquatic animals that consume planktons
  • The toxic chemicals travel up the food chain, with increasing level of toxins
  • Seafood with accumulated toxins end up on the dining table
  • Humans ingest microplastics and the toxins through seafood and water

5 Main Damaging Effects

When humans consume microplastics

  • Intestinal Obstruction
  • Physical Injury
  • Dietary Changes
  • Lack of Energy
  • Adverse Growth and Reproduction Effects